1863 Letters of Charles M. Heaton

For a Biographical Sketch of Charles M. Heaton and to read letters 1-30 dating from 1861 and 1862, go to 1861-64 Charles M. Heaton Letters.

Letter 31

March 9th 1863

Dear Charles,

We have had no letter from you since the one written me on the day of the death of Mr. Chaudonai. Your Mother & Mary are getting very anxious to have a letter from you and I want to hear how Mr. Chaudonai’s affairs are getting along. Who is to administer on the estate? On the 21st of February I sent package garden seeds to you and 1 each to James Davis, Timothy Harris, Jacob Morrell, J. L. Waterhouse, & John T. Lindey. And on Saturday last I sent you another package & one to H. Bradley, Mrs. Mary Matlock, D. Dayton, and L. Humphreys. When you see them let them know who sent them. Those sent to you, you will open them and divide them out to who you like. Your Mother or Mary will write something about that.

I think your Mother and Mary will go home sometime next month. It is doubtful about their going to New York. They are getting quite anxious to go home.

All well. Your Father, — Charles M. Heaton

Letter 32

Washington D. C.
March 27th 1863

Dear Charles,

I have just taken your letter to Mary out of the office and opened & read it. My office is near the Post Office & where we board is three quarters of a mile off. Consequently they will not see the letter until I go to dinner at 3 p.m., and one item in your letter requires an immediate notice from me which is in relation to Mr. Davis’ taxes. When I was at home last October, I learned that his taxes had not been paid for a long time and they amounted, I think, to $12.88 though I may not be right in the exact amount, yet it is near it. I seen Mr. Harper & I intended to get Mr. Davis to pay it if I could but if he did not pay it before I got ready to leave, I told Mr. Harper that I would pay it. I spoke to Mr. Davis about it two or three times and said it should be paid—and on the morning of the day I left, Mr. Davis came to me and showed me Mr. Harper’s receipt for those taxes and the receipt showed that the taxes was paid by Mr. C. B. Chaudonai for Mr. Davis and of course I supposed all was right and that the taxes were paid and I gave myself no further trouble about it. I am not mistaken about having seen the receipt.

You will see Mr. Harper and show him this letter and if all is not right, show it to Mr. Davis and ask him for the receipt he showed me and enclose it to me at once. I am glad you have paid our taxes. I forgot whether you ever told me whether you had renewed our insurance policy on our house last fall. Hope you have done so,

Mary wrote you a day or two ago. will write again soon. Mrs. [Schuyler] Colfax is yet very poor and very doubtful when she will be able to travel.

I will leave it for Mary to write you about the time they will leave for home. I want you to make some enquiry about the price of lumber. Is Mr. Palmer in the lumber business yet? I shall want two or three thousand feet inch lumber suitable for fencing and some posts &c. Enquire and write at once.

Your Father, — C. M. Heaton

Letter 33

March 30th 1863

Dear Charles,

By the same mail which takes this letter I send you a package of grape vine cuttings and some other little things. The package is franked by J. M. Edmunds, Commissioner General Land Office. The cuttings however was sent to me by Mr. Crocker from California and are very valuable if they can be made to grow. Before you open the package, I want you without delay to go and see Mr. Chapin or John T. Lindsay and find out from them who would be the best man to properly put them in the ground & who ever he may be go and et him to go to our garden & with you select some suitable place and get him to prepare the ground in a proper manner and put them in. I want him to spare no pains in doing it up as it should be and you pay him for it. I want him to be careful about preserving the labels which are on the slips & have them so arranged that I can tell which they belong to. Have no delay about it as it is necessary they should be in the ground soon as possible.

You will look over some of my last notes to you & see whether you have answered all my enquiries.

Mary will write you today—at least she said she would—and will give you whatever news there may be. The time for them to start home has not been set yet but when it is, you will be advised.

Drop me a note when you receive this & tell me who is to set them out. All well

Your Father, — Charles M. Heaton

Letter 34

May 8th 1863

Dear Charles,

I intended to have written you yesterday or day before, but in consequence of the battle on the Rappahannock which has been in progress for several days past producing so much excitement that I could not write. But before this reaches you, you will hear that Hooker has withdrawn his forces on this side the river again. Though this may seem strange to the public, yet under the circumstances I doubt not but it is a correct move. You will remember when he went over he only took eight days provisions with him and were without tents, and the immense rains that have fallen within the past three days caused the immediate necessity for this move, but it is certain that we have inflicted vastly more damage on the enemy than thy have on us. Over 2500 prisoners are now in this city and more on the way. We have taken 6 to 8,000 & their loss in killed and wounded is double that of ours. And the next news I should not be surprised to hear that Hook has recrossed the river again to give the enemy battle. But the telegraph will anticipate all I can say on this subject.

I promised to write you my opinion about buying a horse. You asked that I found out from Mr. [Schuyler] Colfax whether he would sell his. I spoke to him about it but he says as it was a present to him, he does not wish to sell but expects to let his stepfather Esq. Matthews take him for the time being on his farm. Mr. Colfax, I suppose, is now in South Bend and is to speak there tomorrow. So far as I ever had anything to do with owning horses, they have been a loss to me. In fact, I have lost more in horses than any other one thing I ever touched. But I do not intend to say that you must not buy one. But it does seem to me that it would increase your labors. If you should undertake to carry the Express matter to and from the depot, the loading and unloading heavy boxes would be too heavy for you. To avoid this, you would have to employ a man to run it & at this time labor must be in demand and wages high, and you could not afford it. I wrote to Mr. Roberts of LaPorte to get his experience in the matter as I remembered that he kept one. He was not at home but his clerk Mr. Saulsbury who has been with him for a long time answered the letter and he says it will not pay. I herewith enclose you his letter.

If you could employ some trusty young man at wages not too high during the hot weather months, or during the strawberry and whortleberry runs, it seems to would do better than to buy a horse and wagon for one over effort in loading or unloading heavy boxes would do you more harm than all you could save in a whole year. And if you should undertake to do this, you could not avoid those heavy lifts which is so injurious for you could not always have immediate help at command.

No matter what kind of help you have, it will be necessary to always have your eye on your own business. Your business is one of the most trustworthy a man can be placed in. The amount of money passing through the office is so great and the collections to be made are so numerous that it is necessary that you keep your own eye on every case that you may fully understand it at all times.

But as to the horse business, I shall leave it with you after due reflection to do as you think best, but in all your transactions my advise is to manage things with a view to economy as much as you can and by all means keep entirely out of debt. You know I am so situated here that for the time being I cannot save much but I shall save all I can. And it is my earnest desire that you save all you can. Now is the time to do it for we know not what a few months may bring forth. And to do this you should make frequent examinations of your business to see how it stands. Be very careful to enter every item of account on your books. Trust nothing to memory. Make your entries immediately. Don’t wait for a more convenient season. If you do, you will lose by it for your memory will fail you.

I have no doubt you are doing the best you can, but I thought there would be no harm in making these suggestions for I know I have lost in trusting to my own memory too much and my advise is to trust nothing in a business matter to memory. Commit it to writing at once.

I want you to save all you can and I shall do the same. And now is the time to do it. Ultimately it will all inure to your benefit.

As to matters here, your Mother and Mary have doubtless kept you posted. Your Uncle David is yet here. The absence of Mr. Chase makes it uncertain what day he will leave. We are all well and getting along quite pleasantly. Make an estimate of your business & let me know how you stand. Does your collecting business by Express increase?

Our kind regards to Mr. & Mrs. Lowell. Your Father, — Charles M. Heaton

Letter 35


May 14th 1863

Dear Charles,

The other day I sent you a “Chronicle” containing the most of the rules under which the coming Draft is to be made. It will not be long and perhaps the proper office has already commenced making out the roll from which the Draft is to be made. I want you to encourage and always speak in favor of it. Sustain everything that may be done by authority of the government. But you might say at the same time that in case you should be drafted, you would probably avail yourself of the privileges of the Enrollment Act of paying the $300 required and that you would do it cheerfully or enter the service. I hold that every man should sustain the laws and thereby sustain the government cheerfully & promptly. I want you to keep me posted as to how they progress in preparing for this Draft. And it will be necessary for us to prepare accordingly. Therefore, between us, we must have this $300 on hand so that if your name should be drawn, it can be promptly paid to the proper authority. In all your movements and business transactions, you must keep this thing in view. You will let me know when the day is set to make the Draft, without fail.

I do not know how much time will be allowed but under all circumstances we must be ready to meet it. This is another thing to be considered in connection with the subject of my last letter to you.

As this in intended for your own eye only, I will say nothing more. Only to add that your Uncle David is still here. He goes to Beaufort, N. C. via N. Y. Leaves here Saturday morning. All well.

Your Father, — Charles M. Heaton

Letter 36

May 19th 1863

Dear Charles,

I am just in the receipt of your letter of the 13th inst. in relation to the purchase of a horse. I shall interpose no further objections and leave you to exercise your ow judgement in the matter. But I would suggest however that you be b=very careful in the selection of a horse and I think Mr. Ireland would be a good man on whom to rely in selecting a sound and gentle horse—one that will no be frightened at the cars.

I am glad to see your cash on hand looking so favorably. I would collect quite closely at the end of each month. Short settlements are always the best and easiest made, and always gives the most satisfaction. And I will again suggest that in all your business transactions, never trust to memory but make your entries of debt or credit promptly at the time it occurs. And never allow a package to be taken from the office without it being receipted for on the receipt book. The only exception is when you may have a running account with such men as Guthrie, Chess, or [John M.] Brownfield. I should not be surprised if you get a horse that you will have to have the stable floor repaired. You will have to examine it and see what will be necessary.

Henry Matlock will probably return home about the 1st of next month and thinks he will probably remain there. And I think will finally take the old office at the Depot. But you will say nothing about that to anyone for the present as the young man who is now there may not like it. But he will be provided for. Henry thinks that as his expenses here are so much larger than they would be at South Bend that he in the end can do nearly as well at South Bend as to remain here.

Your Uncle David Heaton left here for New York on Saturday on his way to Beaufort, North Carolina as a special agent of the Treasury Department. His salary is $6 per day and mileage at 10 cents per mile. He has improved in health very much and seems to be much encouraged as to his final recovery.

Tell Jimmy Davis I will write him in reply to his interesting letter in a few days. Mary wrote to Lib and little Mary yesterday. The weather is now very pleasant—bright sunshine and cool nights. Your Mother & Mary was just in the office. Have gone out for a walk in the city. Your Mother is anxiously looking for an answer to her last letter to you. It worries her very much because she has not got it. You should always be very prompt in answering her letters. The oftener you write her the better she feels.

I wrote Mr. Lindsey about the application of the money from Mr. Clark. I am very much pleased that matter is so nearly closed up and that Lib and the family has a home that no one can disturb.

William T. Bartlett was to leave for home or rather for Philadelphia last evening. I think he intends to be home the last of this week. James Sample was quite unwell on Sunday. Your Mother went to see him soon as she heard of it but he was better and up about the room & says he will be out again in a day or two. James, Henry, and William was all at our house for dinner on Saturday. Had a pleasant time & we all wished you was there also.

Your Father, — Charles M. Heaton

Letter 37

June 13th 1863

Dear Charles,

Your letter to your Mother, finished on Wednesday, was received yesterday, Friday, at noon—a pretty quick trip. You think it doubtful whether Elizabeth will come unless she brings Tommy with her. We would also be pleased to have Tommy come and not only him but the balance of the children and Mr. Davis also. But we know this cannot be and it is of no use to think about it. Since my last letter to you, I wrote Elizabeth on the subject suggesting how she might have her children cared for during her absence. I presume that letter has been received and that you have seen it. Now I and your Mother & Mary are very anxious to have Elizabeth come with you. I know it will do her good to take such a trip, and during the balance of her life, another such opportunity may not present itself, and I am certain if she should bring Tommy, or any of the children, it would in a great measure destroy her enjoyment of the trip. The weather is war and it would worry her out, taking care of him, and her enjoying the trip would be entirely cut off.

I am sure that Mr. Davis would undertake to see that the children would be properly cared for and I verily believe Mr. Davis would be glad to have her come. I hope she will at once make her mind up to come. She need to do but little to get ready. If she needs to have a dress or two made that she has on hands, have her take it to a dress maker & have it made, and you pay for it. One trunk each is all you need. Neither of you should bring more than a change or two of clothing. When Elizabeth & yourself gets here, I want you both to be in a condition to see the sights about Washington. They are worth seeing, and neither of you may never have another chance to do so. And I shall feel greatly disappointed if she does not come. And if she does not come, I am sure she, as well as myself, will always regret it. I do not know what more to say about it. If I did, I would say it.

Now Elizabeth, just see if you can’t find some careful person to come and stay at your house and take care of the children during your absence. I think you ca and will do so. And until we hear to the contrary, I shall make my ind up that you are coming.

Henry Matlock was just in the office. He says he will be in South Bend on the evening of the 23rd or morning of the 24th inst., ready to come into the office and if you look sharp after your reports, you can put them in a condition so you can close them up on the 1st day of July and leave the same night for Washington. You can reach here then by Friday.

I will now give you directions about the route but in the first place, I want you to drop a line to Wm. Kline, Jr. and ask him to send you a pass for yourself from South Bend to Cleveland and back, & I have no doubt he will send it to you. Better do that now.

At South Bend you will have your trunks checked to Toledo. Just before you get to Toledo, the baggage man will come through the cars when you will check your baggage through to Baltimore. That will end your care of your trunks until you get to Baltimore. The fare for Elizabeth from South Bend to Toledo will be $5. A Toledo buy a through ticket for her to Baltimore. I think that will be $15.50. Where you pass runs out, you can buy a through ticket for yourself to Baltimore. Just before you get to Baltimore, the baggage man will come though the cars again and take up your checks & give you tickets which will take your baggage through the city to the Washington Depot which is, say a mile and a half. You will take an omnibus for the Washington Depot and there you will at once buy your tickets for Washington $1.50 each. Soon as you get your tickets, go to where they are checking baggage nearby, hunt up your trunks among the baggage and get checks for them for Washington. They will not give you checks until you not only show your Washington tickets but the tickets you have for your trunks, which you got just before you got to Baltimore. But in getting about in these crowds about depots or elsewhere, look out for pick pockets. They are numerous. Be on your guard & keep your watch chain out of sight. Don’t forget this. You will hang on to your Washington checks until you get through where I will meet you. But if it happens I do not meet you, you will go to the front of the depot and select a hack to bring you to my house. When you select the hack, you will give your checks to the driver and he will go and get your trunks while you wait at the hack. Then tell the driver to take you to No. 216 6th Street between M & N Streets.

You better keep this letter where you can examine it at any time along the road. At South Bend you better take a night car & rest all you can whether you can sleep or not. The next night you will be at Pittsburgh and there do as you like about a night car as you will have to leave that train at Harrisburg about 1 o’clock at night. But in all crowds and places, look out for pick pockets. Soon as Henry gets there, put him in the harness quick so he will understand the old ropes soon as possible. I have told him we would pay him just what Kline pays him at the Depot. Now put your business in the best shape you can & you & Elizabeth get yourselves ready to start. See Elizabeth at once & then answer for I want to know whether she is coming with you. Show her & Mr. Davis this letter. Our love to all. Also to Mr. and Mrs. Lowell.

Your Father, — Charles M. Heaton

Letter 38

Washington D. C.
June 16th 1863

Dear Charles,

The excitement in this city on account of the Rebel raid into Pennsylvania now in progress is considerable, and no doubt it extends throughout the country. And at present there is no guessing what the end will be. But I do not believe they will get much farther than where they are now reported to be at Hagerstown and Martinsburg. But I do not believe they will succeed in taking Harrisburg as that state, New York, & Massachusetts are pushing forward troops to the scene of action with great rapidity and no doubt a very large force of troops on this moment at Harrisburg.

This raid may affect you & Lib getting here at the time we wanted you to be—about the first of July. But you will continue to make your arrangements to come. This raid will certainly blow over in a few days and it may make your time of starting a few days later, but get ready, and then you can govern your time of starting according to circumstances.

And no doubt also, there are a thousand rumors afloat about Washington being taken. Such rumors, you know are not new. But we have no fears on that subject. Our city is too well provided for and I don’t believe they will make any attempt to take it. Gen. Hooker is able to take care of Gen. Lee and keep him at proper distance.

Whenever I think there is any danger here, I will let you know. Just go ahead and get ready just the same as though nothing was going on. And then when the sign is right, you can start. All well.

Your Father, — Charles M. Heaton

Letter 39

June 24th 1863

Dear Charles,

I think it very likely there is more alarm at Sound Bend and in the West generally about this rebel raid into Pennsylvania and Maryland and around this city than there is here, and it may make you and Elizabeth feel a little discouraged about starting for Washington. But we hope you will not let this stop you from coming. It is true the rebels are making quite a raid over into the edge of Pennsylvania and it seems they are working their way down toward Pittsburgh, but they will never get there. The rush to arms in that region is too great and the rebels will soon have to change their course. And they will find such a host of them after them cutting them to pieces on all sides, that they will be glad to make their way back again.

So far as Washington is concerned, we now apprehend no danger. Hooker is able for anything they can bring against us. But in consequence of this raid into Pennsylvania, no doubt all the railroads will be heavily employed carrying troops to different points and on that account might make it troublesome to get through via Pittsburgh. Therefore, it will be just as well for you to come by way of Buffalo, Elmira, Philadelphia, and Baltimore, but Henry Matlock is no doubt at home by this time and can give you the best route to come. The difference in the expense will be but little. And if they do not sell through tickets on this other route at Toledo or Cleveland, you can pay from point to point.

But what about the Draft at South Bend? When is that to be made? Have you seen Dr. Dayton about it? Will those that are enrolled be prevented from leaving home until the Draft is made or not? If not, perhaps you had better get your certificate or enrollment and carry with you. You can arrange withHenry—that if the Draft takes place while you are absent to telegraph you as to the result of the Draft the moment it takes place. Tell him to direct it to Room No. 17, General Land Office. I will write you again in a day or two but I want to be informed of the day you are to start and the route you expect to come.

We are all well and expect to go to the Capitol Grounds this afternoon to hear the fine music by the Marine Band which goes off there every Wednesday afternoon and at the President’s Grounds every Saturday afternoon. These are pleasant recreations where everybody goes to see and be seen Tell Elizabeth not to fail to come. She will find it one of the most pleasant trips of her life.

Love to all. Your Father, — Charles M. Heaton

Letter 40

July 2nd 1863

Dear Charles,

This morning it loos as though the rebels are being driven back from their advanced positions and some severe fighting will no doubt soon follow. Our forces will press on the retreating rebels and will no doubt destroy if not the rebel army, a large portion of their ill gotten plunder. At all events, there is no danger of their making an attack either on Washington, Baltimore or Harrisburg, but the telegraph keeps you posted in these matters.

Before you receive this, you will no doubt have seen Mr. [Schuyler] Colfax as he wrote me he intended to be in South Bend about the 4th. I wrote him at South Bend and told him to inform you about the route you should take in coming here. I do not know the route via Buffalo & Philadelphia, never having traveled it. We want you and Elizabeth to start soon after you receive this as you can complete your arrangements. Write me at once soon as you set the day and tell Henry Matlock to telegraph me. Everything is becoming calmed down here and things are quiet as usual.

One thing I want to remind you of as you will come on that other route, the first point you come to where you can get a through ticket to Washington, not Baltimore, better get it, and at the same time have your baggage checked to Washington, not Baltimore. If you cannot do this until you get to Philadelphia, better wait till then. The object is to get through Baltimore without stopping as Martial Law now prevails there, though it may not by the time you get there. But if you get in a Washington car at Philadelphia, you will be alright, and just remain in the car as you come through Baltimore and no questions will be asked you.

But for fear of accidents, you better ask Mr. Colfax to give you a letter as to your loyalty, &c. It might be well to have it. I think the route will be via Cleveland, Dunkirk, Elmira, New York, to Philadelphia, and I think you can get through tickets either at Toledo or Cleveland or both. Did you ask Mr. Kline for that pass?

Now pitch in and come along soon as you can. Don’t let Elizabeth be frightened off by any exciting news for there is no danger here whatever. Our army is too strong & is being strengthened every day. Of course I would no tell you to come if I thought there was the least danger. She must not fail to come.

All well. Love to all. Your Father, — Charles M. Heaton

During the whole route, look out for pickpockets.

Letter 41

This letter was written by Lewis Humphreys to Charles M. Heaton.

Louisville, Kentucky
July 27th 1863

C. M. Heaton, Esqr.
My dear old friend,

About the 5th of this month, I wrote you and enclosed $5 to procure some photographs of myself & wife at Henry Ulke 1 on [278] Pennsylvania Avenue who took our pictures last winter when we were in Washington. I directed my letter to P. O. Box 507, Washington City (is that the right number?) I did it from memory. I expected a reply from you on my return to this place but found none today on my return here. I do not know but my letter was miscarried. Hence I drop you this note. I know that you all are very busy about these times. The prospected wedding of Miss Mary 2 & your recent trip with Mr. Colfax has engrossed most of your time. I came round by South Bend last week & saw Schuyler Colfax. I do pity him from my soul. He is so cast down by his recent great calamity. I endeavored to cheer him up all I could. I have no time to write any news. 3

244 F. Street, home of the Sanitary Commission in 1863 but previously the home of Presidents James Monroe and John Adams.

I have a brother-in-law by the name of James Robison —a private soldier in Co. F, 24th Michigan Vol. Infantry reported sick in one of the hospitals in Washington and he is reported to have typhoid fever. His wife lives at Lapeer, Lapeer county, Michigan, and is exceedingly anxious to hear from him. She is afraid he is dead as she had heard nothing from him for 6 weeks. Prior to that he wrote regularly 3 times a week. Could you find out anything about him? She does not know what hospital he is in. I think if you could go to the Sanitary Commission rooms at [Adams House] 244 F Street, Washington City, you would find a complete register of names of hospital patients. If you can find out, I would be glad. A line to his wife t the above place would be a great relief to her. James Robison, Private (I believe) Co. F, 24th Michigan Vol. Infantry. Col. Moore commanding. 4

Kind regards to all your family & yourself. Yours sincerely, — L[ewis] Humphreys

My box is 770, Louisville, Kentucky

1 Henry Ulke was a photographer and portrait painter from Prussia who came to the United States in 1852 with his brothers Julian and Lee. The brothers settled in Washington D. C., and took up residence as boarders in the Peterson Boarding House, just across the street from Ford’s Theatre and the very same house in which the assassinated President died. It is presumed that it Julian Ulke, Henry’s brother, that took the famous photo of the room in which Lincoln died on the morning of April 15th. Henry Ulke had a portrait studio at 278 Pennsylvania Avenue in 1862.

2 Charles’ daughter, Mary Althea Heaton (1835-1901) was married to David Haynes (1815-1902) in the District of Columbia on 3 August 1863. Mary was David’s fourth wife. His previous wives were Mary Blake (1825-1852), Julia Isabel Blake (1830-1859), and Mary Elizabeth Adams (18xx-1862). David was the son of Daniel Haynes and Sarah Smart of New Hampshire. He graduated from Brown University and came to Washington in 1861 to accept a position as a clerk in the Post Office Department. In the 1880 US Census, David & Mary Haynes and their daughter Mae were enumerated in the household of her father, Charles M. Heaton located at Grant Place between 9th and 10th Streets, G & H NW. After Charles’ death in 1899, David and Mary inherited the house at Grant Place NW and were enumerated there in 1900.

3 Evelyn Clark Colfax (1823-1863), the wife of Schuyler Colfax, died on 10 July 1863. She and Schuyler were married in Argyle, New York, in October 1844. The couple had no children.

4 The soldier was carried on the muster rolls as James Robertson (1825-1863). He enlisted on 6 August 1862 at Detroit, Michigan, to serve as a private in Co. F, 24th Michigan Infantry. He died of disease on 15 June 1863—nearly six week before this letter was written. In the 1860 US Census, James was enumerated in Marathon, Lapeer county, Michigan with his wife Eliza (Pearson) Robertson (age 38) and 3 year old daughter Ella. His occupation was given as merchant. According to the Pension records, James died of typhoid fever at Fitzhugh Crossing Hospital near Falmouth, Virginia. The couple were married on 18 June 1848 at Medina county, Ohio. The widow Eliza never remarried. She was admitted to the Michigan Insane Asylum in Kalamazoo on 2 June 1868 and died there on 22 August 1873.

Letter 42

August 17, 1863

Dear Charles,

Yours of the 13th inst. received. I thought you took the enclosed papers back with you. I think it best to enclose them to you and let you answer it from South Bend. You will explain in your letter the cause of delay and also hunt up the justices receipt for the money paid on the garnishee, and return all in the collection envelope if you still have it, billing it in the usual way. But as it has laid so long, you better mark it “D. H.”

Keep a copy of your letter as you may want to refer to it hereafter. I think you had better call on Justice Stanfield and find out just what the medicine sold for, what the costs amounted to, & whether any of the proceeds remain and what amount, &c., and report the result in your letter. Should there be a balance in the justice’s hands, let it lay until you get directions either from our agent or Mr. Dally what to do with it.

Your Mother is some better but not entirely well yet. Heard from Mary. All well and doing well. Your Father, — C. M. Heaton

P. S. Is Theo. Chaudonia in South Bend yet & has he maintained his integrity for sobriety? Don’t forget to tell me in your next.

Letter 43

September 24, 1863

Dear Charles,

Your Mother wrote you a day or two ago telling you that Mr. Haynes and his little boy was quite sick and I only take time now to say they are getting better. Mr. Haynes is now able to sit up part of the time and his little boy is quite well again.

I was just at the P. O. and got Elizabeth’s good long letter. It done me so much good to read it. She write a most excellent letter. Oh how I wish I was able to put her in a position that she would not have to work so hard but this I cannot do. Indeed, I would be glad if we was all better off but we must be content with our lot and be industrious and save all we can and prepare for a rainy day.

We are glad you are going to put up some peaches for us. They are so high here we cannot attempt it. Put up all you can find time to do.

I fear, however, that we will fail in getting the house we expected and the laws here, being all in favor of the tenant, it is doubtful whether they could be put out by operation of law. I shall try for another house, but it is hard to tell what the result will be.

C. W. Price did not remain here but a few days. I only got to see him about five minutes. He is now at Harrisburg, Pa., at Camp Depot. Tell Mr. Farnam the letter sent to him with a note on it by him to be delivered immediately arrived here today & immediately forwarded it to Mr. Price at Harrisburg. He will receive it tomorrow.

Your Mother, Mary & myself are well. The weather is cool and pleasant. Love to all. Your Father, — C. M. Heaton

Letter 44

November 23, 1863

Dear Charles,

Your letter to your Mother, I have forgotten its date, and have not got it before me, was received Saturday. She will also answer it today I think.

I would not say anything more to Mr. Lowell about boarding one way or the other. My opinion is with yours, that when your Mother gets back, and you can get the house, you better be alone—board no one. My opinion is your Mother will not be there before the first of February. In the first place she will go to New Jersey in about two weeks or so from now, perhaps she will stay until Congress organizes. I want her to be present to see Mr. [Schuyler] Colfax elected Speaker [of the House of Representatives]—and there is no mistake he will be elected Speaker, the Chicago Tribune to the contrary notwithstanding. But she will go soon after hat takes place.

Then about Christmas, I expect to go there myself and spend say ten days. She will remain and finish out her visit among her old friends and relations and get back here about the middle or latter part of January & then her and Mary will start for South Bend. This is the program according to my understanding. I should be glad if Mr. Lowell could give up the house at least by the first of February and at any time before if he can, but we must not be arbitrary with Mr. Lowell for he has been a good friend to you and I greatly respect him for it. And I have no doubt he will give us the house soon as he can. He may find a place somewhere about town that would suit him to board for a time should he not be able to get a house by first of February. If the cow does not pay her way by giving milk, I think you better provide the food for her and take care of her, but she that she is well taken care of.

On Saturday we sent home our things by Express. I finally thought it would be the safest way. I paid the freight on the 4 bales to Elmira, New York $8.25 and wrote to the agent at Elmira to ship them through free from there. If he does not, I want you to mark all over $4 from Elmira over charged. In fact, I think it better all of it be marked over charged unless they come through free, for I have no doubt Mr. Kip would allow it had I taken the time to write him but I did not think of it in time.

I hope you have had no more breaking in the office. Have you missed anything yet? I would not leave a large amount of money in the office over night. Better take it to the bank if it cannot be delivered before you leave the office. It would be a horrid affair to have the office and safe robbed.

Do you make your reports twice a month now? And do you keep up the practice of giving notice to owners of packages on hand, soon after they are received? I would not fail to do that, and add the postage to the charges. It is the only safe way to give satisfaction and never fail to take a receipt when the package goes out. And always be prompt with collections & their return. By the way, is that Liston Collection entirely settled up? And how was it finally wound up?

Did you receive my note about our insurance on our house and have it renewed?

I see in the last Register a notice reflecting on Matt France loyalty. I think that notice is unjust. Mr. Skinner who gave the information must be mistaken. I have written a letter for the Register by this mail correcting it and giving an extract from a letter I recently had from Matt which I think will place the matter right. I never like to see an old friend improperly attacked without defending him. I believe Matt is as loyal as any man in Kansas—in fat he is a perfect “Radical.”

I am very proud of that nice pipe you sent me & the tobacco. I like it very much. What does such a stem cost?

Do you know whether E. V. Clark, Holloway, & Dr. Hendricks are coming here next week to be present at the opening of Congress? I hope they will tell them to come on for Schuyler will surely be elected & we expect to have a grand time.

When you answer this letter you will have to read it over, or you will forget half he questions I asked.

I have been unusually busy for a month past or I should have written to Lib before now. Those nice apples she sent by Mr. Saunders was much better than any we can get here, and here such apples sell for 5 cents each.

In one of your letters you spoke of hearing that James Samples’ health was very poor. James is well as ever and getting along first rate. Some time ago he had a little cold but he got over that but with it all, he never lost a day at the office.

But I must be off for dinner. Our love to Lib and the children. Your father, — Charles M. Heaton

Letter 45

Washington D. C.
December 14th, 1863

Dear Charles,

We were all glad to get your letter of 10th inst. It was the first we heard from the shirts and other things we sent you. The charges on those bales are horrid. You should cut it down at least one half. They ship from Chicago to New York for $4 per 100 lbs. and surely from Sound Bend to Elmira ought not to be over half that amount—especially for an agent.

I have no doubt the increase of business makes the work quite heavy for you. I want you to give me the footings of your statements to the months of November for 1861, 1862, and 1863. I want to see the regular increase. And I will write to Mr. Kip and try to get your salary raised. I think it can be done—at least I will try it. How often does Mr. Cone call to see you and have you shown him how the business has increased? Should he call soon, bring it to his notice.

When I go to New York, I will call and see Mr. Lowell. Your Mother expected to start for New Jersey in the morning but Frank Heaton’s wife is about to be sick [give birth] and your Mother has gone to see her and probably will not get off for a day or two.

You must write her more frequently. She gets very uneasy if she don’t get a letter at least every week.

Glad to hear Mr. Lowell has a prospect to get a house. I suppose the girl he has will go with them. Your Mother wants you to look out for a good girl—perhaps she could get Lucy for a few weeks. See her.

Mary wrote to Lib yesterday. I cannot give you the precise time when your Mother and Mary will be home. I think, however, it will be about the 1st of February. It may be a few days sooner. It depends altogether about how long she will prolong her visit to New Jersey.

When she starts for New Jersey, I will write you and when you write here there, you will direct to Bloomfield, care of Ruth Stevens.

Love to all. Your Father, — Charles M. Heaton

Letter 46

December 17th 1863

Dear Wife [at Bloomfield, New Jersey],

It rains this morning and everything looks gloomy as you know it does when it rains. We are very glad you had a pleasant day for your trip on yesterday. Hope you enjoyed it and that you arrived safely and found all well. We want the particulars of your trip and whether you found anyone at the depot to receive you, and whether my telegram was received, &c.

Last night was a lonesome night. In fact, we all felt that someone was missing, but we weathered it through and this morning we were at the table as usual for our rations. At dinner yesterday we found a new boarder. He occupies the back parlor room. I forget his name now, but he is from Park County, Indiana, and is about such a looking man as Mr. Stevens was.

About eleven o’clock yesterday after you left, I got an answer from m telegram to Charles saying that Mr. Sample was much better. And soon after I got a line from James Sample written at Baltimore saying that he had lost $50 you handed him in the morning. For a time this very nearly made me sick. I felt horrid over it. I remember on the way to the depit he said he would get out some money & have it ready to buy his ticket to Baltimore & I then admonished him o be careful how he exposed his money in [public]. I know he got his money ready although I did not see it, for you know I took his carpet bag to carry and as he was getting out his miney, he fell back a little. And he thinks he must have lost it at that time. Poor boy—I pity him. I advertised it in the “Star” but I have no hopes of ever hearing from it again. I here send you his letter and the telegram from Charles.

I shall write to Charles today to write you at Bloomfield and will send you any letters we may receive from him.

Now I hope you will have a good visit but you will of course find great changes in everything since you left that country over thirty years ago. You will find that even the distances from place to place will seem shorter to you, and the farms and houses where you used to frequent will seem to be much smaller and no doubt many things will be so changed that it may cause you to feel sad. But you must overcome all that and turn everything into cheerfulness you possibly can, and be determined that you will have a good joyful visit everywhere.

From my recollection of your sister Ruth, I believe she will aid you in this, and that you will aid each other, I have no doubt. And Levi and Wesley will be a full team in that respect. And I do hope you will all have a good time generally. And when I get there, I will throw in my might & hope we may all have a pleasant and happy time together.

It was expected that Mr. Matthews & daughter would arrive last night but I have not heard whether they got here or not. I called at the National [Hotel] last night to see Schuyler [Colfax] but he was not in and I did not see him. I suppose very likely he had gone up to Mr. Stailey’s to meet his Mother and sister.

Everything is just as it was when you left. Have said nothing to Mr. Cox yet about board or change of room, but when I leave for New Jersey, I will settle up in full so that when I come back we will begin entirely new.

We all join in love to sister Ruth and all the family to Bro. Levi and family, Wesley & family. And as ever your affectionate husband, — Charles M. Heaton

Letter 47

December 19th 1863

Dear Wife (at Bloomfield, New Jersey)

We received yours of yesterday this morning. Glad to hear you arrived safely and found all well. You arrived at Newark at least two hours sooner than we expected and glad to hear that Bro. Levi met you at the Depot. Did he know you “at first sight?”

I wrote you a day or two since. No doubt you have received it ere this. Since I wrote, have not had any further news from Sound Bend but expect a letter tonight or tomorrow, When it comes, will send it to you. We are getting along about the same as when you was here, only we all feel lonesome enough. Night before last I went to Frank [Heaton]’s to see the baby [Edith] but it was asleep and did not wake before I left. Hatty is getting along quite well and from what I could see I think she has a very good nurse, and you know I am something of a judge in such matters.

While there I called on Mr. Matthews & Clary. Found Mr. [Schuyler] Colfax there. He gave them some ideas on etiquette which was very proper. They go into their new abode on the 1st of January. Mrs. Matthews seems to feel very nicely over her new position and well she may for it is a proud one. Clary seems quiet as you know it is her nature to be and I sincerely hope they will both succeed in filling their places satisfactorily to themselves at least.

Mr. Stailey and family are well and all send love to you. Mr. and Mrs. Ames are also well and so is Polly. Mary intends to call on Mrs. Matthews & Clary on Monday. Yesterday it rained here nearly all day and the streets were very muddy, but last night it cleared off and was cold—the mud frozen this morning—and today bids fair to be quite pleasant.

I hope you will have a grand good time in New Jersey and New York and I believe no doubt you will. We hear that we will be paid off the day before Christmas. If so, I can come on most any time after that. What time do you think I had better come and where will you be on Christmas day? Soon as you lay out your visits, let me know how you have arranged them. When do you go to New York? Perhaps you better wait and not go to New York until I come for I shall want to spend a day or two in New York at least. You know I have some business to look after there.

Mary, I think, will also write you today. Mr. Haynes’ cold is better and is as well as usual. We expect his daughter Mary tonight. She is to occupy the room were James Sample was, and Walter goes into the little room over the hall on the same floor. Perhaps Anny will lodge with her, but I don’t know certain.

I shall send you the Chronicle occasionally but I don’t know whether you will find time to read them.

Do you think you would have known sister Ruth and would she have known you? Thirty years has no doubt made a great change in you both. Still I have no doubt your meeting was a joyful one and I sincerely hope the weather will be favorable for you both to plod over your old stamping grounds together. It seems to me I can see you pointing out a spot here and a spot there where when you were girls you used to romp over the green grass on the side hills and near the old spring on wash days where you used to have good times in general. But those old spots you will find greatly changed and some of the it will take a stretch of the imagination even to recognize—and this may make you feel sad. But you must not indulge in sad feelings for these changes are natural. Everything is changing and we must look upon such things as a matter of course, and we may even wonder if you should ever recognize any of the old land marks. But make the best of it all and try to enjoy yourselves the very best you can.

Schuyler Colfax engraving on front page of Harper’s Weekly Magazine, 26 December 1863—“a very good likeness.”

Write as often as you can. We are all well. Our love to Ruth and all the friends. Will write you soon again. Your affectionate husband, — Charles M. Heaton

Find “Harper’s Weekly” of December 26th —No. 365. See a very good likeness of Mr. Colfax. Those in the other pictorials are not good but in Harper’s Weekly it is very good.

Frank had a letter from Bro. David. They have left Beaufort and now live in Newbern, N. C. They are all well and say they have a much better house to live in than they had at Beaufort.

Letter 48

December 20th 1863

Dear Charles,

Enclosed I send you a letter for Lib with $5 in it. I have left it open so that you may read it. Give it to her by herself. The five dollars is for her to buy the children some little Christmas presents.

In a former letter you say you had $106 for Mary. Now if you can lend this to some safe man until the 1st day, or say the 10th day of October next, so as to make ten dollars on it, you can do so. Perhaps Esqr. William Miller or some such man would like to have it. Let them give their note for $106 without interest and at the same time give you ten dollars. But have it well secured with personal security, and then loan the ten dollars if you can so as to make something out of it if you can. Make the note payable to “Mary A. H. Haynes, wife of David Haynes,” but don’t let it run later than the 10th of October next for about that time the other note of hers will be due, and then she may want to use it. But be sure and get it into some good hands such as can command money for she will want it at that time and don’t forget to have he proper amount of stamps on it. I do not recollect what the amount of stamp should be but you can find out.

Hope you wil write to Mother quite often for you know how anxious she is to hear from you. Keep her posted about the house matters. Had you not better secure 8 or 10 cords good dry wood so as to have it ready? Make them cord it up in the wood yard. Mary and all well.

Your Father, — Charles M. Heaton

Letter 49

December 23rd 1863

Dear wife [at Bloomfield, New Jersey],

I expect to breakfast with Levi Clark in Newark [N, J.] on Friday morning. Have written him to that effect. Shall try and find you during the day. Have had nothing from South Bend since I last wrote you except a dispatch from Charles that Mrs. Sample is still on the mend, but I doubt whether James comes back as he telegraphed for me to send home his trunk which I send today.

Mr. [Schuyler] Colfax starts for South Bend tonight as Congress has adjourned over the holidays. Mary & Mr. Hanes are well. So is Mary & Daisy. Nothing new. All send love.

Your affectionate husband, — Charles M. Heaton

If you have made any arrangements for Christmas visits, don’t let my coming break them up or change them, Go ahead and carry them out. I will find you somewhere.

[in pencil]

In Post Office. I have just got your letter. I find I have to start sooner than I should for the reason that will affect my absence next fall to be away from here long after 1st January in the same year.

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